Originally posted December 25th, 2018
Not many will read the entirety of the following article[s], and of them only a few will comprehend... it is them who put forth the effort whether they comprehend it or not, that I share this for, and it is them which motivates me...
Many years ago when I first contemplated
this particular subject, I recall as I read through the many documents/books
pertaining to Columbus coming to America including his own translated Journals, something just wasn’t right, call it a gut feeling which is
how all of my theories have started, many of which I have taken to the point of
high probability even proven beyond a doubt, making it factual to at least
The following topic of Columbus discovering America or did he discover America, has long been proven to me through research that he most certainly did not. However the question has come to this topic, Did Columbus “Accidentally” RE-discover what had already been discovered hundreds or even thousands of year prior and was it well known by the European Royalty?... Yes.
The other question that has come as a result of these efforts is, what is it specifically that causes certain groups to obscure this information and keep it from the general public which would seem to be an open and obvious act seeming to have begun this time in the mid 1800’s, or did it ever stop since the voyages of King Solomon's friend, King Hirum?
As of yesterday I felt confident I had enough information to begin this write-up, but by the end of the day, with my meticulous research tactics and findings, at the end of the day, I was ready to scrap the project due to what seemed to be, correct documented evidences, in fact this morning I decided or felt compelled to pick up on another research project pertaining to the ancient Geographic’s of the Yucatan Peninsula, when I stumbled upon something that offset my reasons for near giving up yesterday, funny how things work, It is things such as this that tells me I am on the right path… I need to pay more attention to that “gut feeling”…
Smithsonian, established on August 10, 1846
"for the increase and diffusion of knowledge,"
I believe that Smithsonian started out with a good and noble cause, but when E. G. Squire and E. H. Davis took over, they changed that motto to “for the increase of the denigration and destruction of knowledge” Why would these two sons of Methodists Ministers from Palmyra New York do this?... Strange...
When I write an article it is usually based upon a long period of study concerning the very topic of the article, a closely related topic or one I know very well, this is not a topic I knew well... As a habit however, I do like to get the orthodox thinking side of it all just prior to writing an article, it helps with my position, and I admit, my sarcasm, and a simple search of the internet will clearly show the many who seem to regurgitate each other’s opinions and usually based upon the regurgitation and opinions of some Smithsonian puppet.
Each of you should try this, go to your favorite browser search window and type “Who Discovered America” After reading many of the articles you will quickly see what I mean. The point being, after reading the many perspectives are you really any wiser? I have found that rather than sifting through the garbage, I can get my answers as to what the orthodox world believes by simply going to Wiki… I really don’t care who the people think discovered America, It would seem in the race between Columbus, Leif Eriksson, and the Chinese, Leif is slowly taking the lead, but I have some terrible news for all of them…. If there is one thing all perspectives can agree upon, when each of the claimed discoverers made their landing, peering through the bushes and trees from shore, someone was watching them. Why is it we take the inhabitants obviously occupying the Americas longer than these glory mongers family names have existed, and remove them from the very status of being a man? Are we placing them in the same category as the animals discovered on this land when whoever arrived? NONE OF THEM discovered America!
Before I end this rant, try this, go to your choice of browsers and type in “History of the Americas, Wiki” “Voyages of Christopher Columbus Wiki” or any related choice of words, and you will find what appears to be a very well put together article of presumed facts, now scroll to the bottom where you will find a very impressive list of references, 30 or more, now look at the dates of these references of which you will find, not one written before 1900, in fact most are written within the last 20 years! And almost NEVER will you find among the references, the original source material for the subject at hand… In fact you can research any of the books listed in those references, obtain a copy and also in that book find an impressive list of references, and they too will be a list of books written within the last 20 years of that books publication! The point being is, those who write our wiki articles and the like writers, are regurgitating what has already been regurgitated many times over, I seriously doubt that any of the referenced writers in the wiki articles nor those who contributed to the articles, have ever themselves read the original source material for the topic! This period of our history I call, of course, the Regurgitation Period.
Did Columbus discover America? Let’s start with who didn’t discover America and that would include Columbus, and regardless of what the many writers have regurgitated, I am not convinced that Columbus did not know where he was going and what he was looking for. I am not convinced that he thought he was looking for the Indies as in below Japan and China as the academics would have us believe... Did he “accidentally” find America? This part of the now orthodox belief came in during what I call the delusional or indoctrination period. This period began after the formation of Smithsonian and peaked around 1900, and lives on to this day. This is a period in which many translations of old documents took place, you see, now that the English speaking people can now read these old Latin, Spanish etc… documents, those who wish to keep their little secrets now have to take this newly available knowledge and tell us new readers what the writer[s] were “actually” saying… because they couldn’t have possibly meant what they said! How ridiculous! I just assume they figured we were just too damned stupid to understand. I think I’ll stick to original source material… Someday perhaps I will go into the many reasons why I say Columbus knew not only where he was going but what he was looking for, but one only need read his Journal and letters to see, but only if you have a broad perspective of past and present events. In the many exploration documents when you read the many that do exists, you begin to see patterns. One such pattern is whenever they encountered something new, something they have not seen before, a new tree, a fruit, vegetable or animal, they describe it as best they could, smell, appearance, apparent usage etc… and compare to some existing thing in a short commentary. (See Columbus Exploration Documents AJ-061- 069 at americanjournys.org or In my Research Resource Materials Page.
An example of the previous would be the discovery or first time it had been seen by Europeans on the 4th day of November 1492, is the Sweet Potato, the Batata or what is described in one of the more credible translations, The people have plenty of roots called zanahorias, (Yams or Sweet Potato’s) with a smell like chesnuts ; or in another example wherein the translator removes the word zanahorias and inserts the nonexistent word of “mames” (Carrots) when the written word is clearly zanahorias from the presumed original text why do they do this? The point being here is that Columbus and those with him, had no idea what these zanahorias were and offered commentary to describe what they were seeing for the first time.
The opposition to this little occurrence is they day after they arrived at this new found land. One translator again purposely replaces the obvious word found in the text with calabazas (Pumpkins) with the word calabashes (Gourdes) and also mentioned in this 13th of October entry is Papagayos (Parrot) but in both cases, there is no commentary nor a description given and why? Because these two items mentioned were well known by Columbus and his expedition team, but how could this be if the Pumpkin and Parrot were not known until after the Europeans discovered America? How is it, an entry is made the very day the parrot was first seen using the name which according to the etymology derives from Byzantine Greek from the Medieval period! Papagas, meaning Parrot, a bird which would not be known for another 1000 years? Another curious mention and apparent attempt to deter you from the truth is a mention of Gran Can and the translators lead you to believe this is a reference to the Great Khan of China and one even goes a step further suggesting Kublai Khan, of the Mongol Empire. However no word was used implying “Kublai,” except maybe “Cami” found later in the document. Had there been or not, I would have and do suspected the Maya city Culiacan or the serpent deity, Kukulkan, or the Kan or Kaan Dynasty of the Maya, the Mayan Snake Kings, something our earlier delusionists did not know about… There are many statements within the documents that could sway the thinking one way or the other, but before I am convinced, I would like to hear some explanations as to why Columbus or those with him had previous knowledge of Parrots and Pumpkins, known apparently since the early Byzantine period? Letters of Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli The “speculative” Re-Constructed Map of Toscanelli sent to Columbus? I am not sure what to make of the controversial letters from Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli to Columbus prior to his voyage which many delusionists presume was very instrumental in his agenda. I have not yet decided what was intended but I am certain the delusionists had their hands in it… It is said that the map sent to Columbus was destroyed, yet on the internet floats a supposed reconstructed map, how do you reconstruct a map that which was destroyed? Who added the names? Academics would have you believe the letters were written with the intent to give a better course to China? But I find nothing to promote this conjecture. And at the same time, they discredit the letters suggesting they are a hoax? Could someone please make up your mind? In 1439, the Greek philosopher Gemistos Plethon, attending the Council of Florence, acquainted Toscanelli with the extensive travels, writings and mapping of the 1st century BC/AD Greek geographer Strabo, hitherto unknown in Italy. Nearly 35 years later, the Italian was to follow up this amplified knowledge. There was no mention of China or Asia at the council of Florence. How could Strabo be unknown it Italy? In 1474 Toscanelli sent a letter and a map to his Portuguese correspondent Fernão Martins, priest at the Lisbon Cathedral, detailing a scheme for sailing westwards to reach the Spice Islands and Asia. Fernão Martins delivered his letter to the King Afonso V of Portugal, in his court of Lisbon. The original of this letter was lost, [of course it was] but its existence is known through Toscanelli himself, who later transcribed it along with the map and sent it to Christopher Columbus, who carried them with him during his first voyage to the new world… Of course this letter was lost or conveniently misplaced but why does the academics use Fernado Martins to make their points but at the same time claim he never existed? (see Toscanelli and Columbus by Henry Vignaud 1902) Incidentally, there is no mention of Spice Islands, Asia or China for that matter in the letters of Toscanelli. From one of the letters to Columbus from Toscanelli… (Concerning the voyage)
…But you will not be able to understand it thoroughly except with experience or discussion, as I have had most fully, and good and true information of mighty men and of great learning, who have come from the said regions here to the Court of Rome, and of other merchants who have long trafficked in those parts, men of great authority.
Who could he possibly be talking about? I can’t help but reflect to the many Kings of authority who on their crusades, came to the Americas such as the Roman Colonies of 700 AD to about 1000 AD. I can’t help but wonder about the Indo Greeks not long after they sacked India and pilferage their sacred libraries and discovering their maps and their charted course who coincidentally came to the Americas in about 100 BC after said sacking, all according to the information given on the once pronounced hoax artifacts of the Tucson Lead Crosses, how convenient. However those over zealous individuals were too hasty in their speculative effort to discredit the artifacts. It is now well known to those who seek truth today due to GOOD SOUND research and testing and NOT ignoring the original studies of the artifacts that they are indeed genuine regardless of “resent studies” which is always presented with no citation of what these so called “recent studies” are. I have come to know that recent studies is nothing more than barf in a bag kept on hand to use when they realize they have no substance to back up their claim.
With this said, giving full credibility to the Tucson Crosses telling the story of Roman colonies and the Indo Greeks coming to the Americas, their MUST be corroborating evidence of which there is… abundantly…
My wife finds the following in the The History of Gruffydd ap Cynan 1883 by Arthur Jones concerning Prince Cynan listed # 4 in the genealogy of the Tucson Lead Crosses…
Cynan may have died fairly soon after the birth of their son Gruffydd, as the 13th century History of Gruffydd ap Cynan details Cynan's ancestry but omits him from its account of Gruffydd's youth. Instead, Gruffydd's mother tells him about his father and the patrimony he should claim across the sea. I am pretty sure that “across the sea” did not mean the 50 mile stretch between Wales and Ireland. I wonder what this Patrimony was, and across which sea? This was around 1020 A.D. Do you recall the words shown on the Granata Nova Map, Septem (Seven) ciuitatum (cities) and Patria? (Native land; home, native city; one's country) Patrimony or Patrimonium (Inheritance) In the case of Prince Cynan ap Iago the Rhodan, would this be his mother telling him about the land of his fathers, the land of the seven cities he is to inherit? Was she suggesting this to be his native land? Another recent verification brought to me by my friend, fellow critic and skeptic is the testimony of Moctezuma himself in his discourse to Cortez as they were going through days and days of negotiations, and recorded by Conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo in his Memoirs, and who was sitting there when it was given…. From those memoirs, written originally in 1568 Page 393 (Footnote # 50) Moctezuma is quoted as saying:
Can it get any clearer?
This Monarch that Moctezuma mentions can be only be a few possibilities based on this information and other sources, and I offer no excuse… King Arthur, around 500 AD, Rodri Mawr or Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl, otherwise know as Iago ap Idwal Prince of Gwenydd, King of the Britains (Saint Iago, or Jacob, Santiago), and who was… *11th G Grand Father of Henry Sinclair of the Knights Templars, who is my 17th G Grand Father… *5th G Grand Father of Robert de Bruce, *2nd G Grand Father of Prince Madoc, *Great Grand Father of King Owain of Gwenydd, King of Wales, * Iago ap Idwal is also the 14th G Grand Son of King Arthur. Those mentioned in the historic text of the Tucson Lead artifacts are also of and within this linage…
Cartographers of the past
When you open up and broaden your perspective concerning the many informational conflicts found in our history, things that never made sense, strange artifacts that just don’t fit, delusionists written conflicts and obvious attempts at explaining away what the first authors of America “really meant,” everything starts to fall into place. Things which made no sense begin to make sense…
What are we to make of the many cities which appeared upon the maps of the 1500’s to 1700’s? Why would dozens of cartographers from different countries and different time frames list cities on their maps that no one ever found? Lakes no one ever made it to? Documenting things on their maps, features they could not have known? How about capturing the very likeness of a highly sought after lake which none of the earliest documented explorers EVER FOUND! and it just happens to be a near mirror image a supposed very ancient lake but geologist today tell us that it existed 33 Million years ago! How is this possible?
So I am to understand that since the last voyage of Columbus in 1503, an Italian Explorer acting in the name of Spain and who was said to be directed by documents from Portugal, who according to history never made it to the mainland, followed by Juan Ponce de Leon in 1513 who landed in Florida and charted some of the coastline, and few others, that all the details of the maps to shortly follow were created? Ponce de Leon is also known for searching for the Fountain of Youth, supposedly told to him by the natives, a corrupt version of a true story and likely was intended the waters of eternal life if you are listening…. But of course it is easier for the writers of Wiki or the delusionalist in which their information derives, to just call it a myth rather than to understand where this seeming ridiculous idea came from, besides, It might shed light on the... myth? of the Waters of Mormon located not to far north of where he was supposedly told of it, but we can't have that now can we? Why not blame it on Africa or have a recent study?
Not to long after Ponce de Leon and others made their way into the interior of today’s northern Mexico and New Mexico, Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, Don Antonio de Mendoza, Frier Marco de Nica, and a few others, but it is said that Francisco Vázquez de Coronado was the first to reach into the more Northern Territories but this is not true. Coronado even lays claim to naming the city of Granada and so he named a city they never found? Marco de Nica is the first to mention the cities of Tontonteac (today’s Pueblo Grande of Nevada), Acus (Axa) Ceula or Cibol and Marata (Today’s Pueblo Grande) and I find no mention in the many exploration documents of the other cities noted on the curious earliest maps, Tignus, Chuhuco and the seven unnamed cities surrounding the nonexistent lake Copala, where did these notations come from? Is Lecta one of the seven cities Hercules mentioned in his travels to Septimania?
Looking at the two supposed earliest maps, Americae Sive 1562 said to be the first of California, and another, the Mercator map of 1569 of which I find this notation translated from the old Latin…
The second object at which we aimed was to represent the positions and the dimensions of the lands, as well as the distances of places, as much in conformity with very truth as it is possible so to do. To this we have given the greatest care, first by comparing the charts of the Castilians and of the Portuguese with each other, then by comparing them with the greater number of records of voyages both printed and in manuscript. (Gerard Mercator, Nova et Aucta Orbis Terrae descriptio ad Usum Navigantium Emendate Accommodata) [Did anyone catch that word Manuscript]
Atlan, Atlan-tis, Affalon, Aztlan, Havilah... what ever,
I suppose it just depends on what neck of the woods yer from eh?
What charts of the Castilians and Portuguese? What “greater number of records of voyages both printed and in manuscript” is he talking about? Were these earliest known cartographer just lucky in showing California was an Island? It is a Geological FACT that California was an Island, but this was from 2400 BC to just over 2000 years ago, how did they know this? It would seem I have gone way off track from Who discovered America? Septimania, A Historical Fiction in France Lets talk about the seeming fictitious land and country of Septimania said to have be located in Southern France. As we research the History of Septimania, said to be “a historical region in southern France” If it is "Historical" where is the history? I can’t help but wonder if the history that has been written regarding this place, hasn’t been written in the wrong place and in fact outright fabricated. Septimania (French: Septimanie, IPA: [sɛptimani]; Occitan: Septimània, IPA: [septiˈmanjɔ]; Catalan: Septimània, IPA: [səptiˈmaniə]) is a historical region in modern-day south of France. It referred to the western part of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis that passed to the control of the Visigoths in 462, when Septimania was ceded to their king, Theodoric II. [SEE the Text of the Tucson Lead Crosses] Under the Visigoths it was known as simply Gallia or Narbonensis. Septimania territory roughly corresponds with the former administrative region of Languedoc-Roussillon that merged into the new administrative region of Occitanie. Septimania passed briefly to the Emirate of Córdoba, which had been expanding from the south during the eighth century before its subsequent conquest by the Franks, who by the end of the ninth century termed it Gothia or the Gothic March (Marca Gothica). Before I get the reader completely lost, the message I am trying to convey in this part, is that all that has been written concerning “Septimania” this supposed region is southern France, may be true in many respects, but it is looking very much like Historians have purposely placed Septimania in the wrong place, even on the wrong continent, just as they have and in conjunction with with the “Western Roman Empire” which is the Americas, the “mythical” Affalon, and Shambahla. If they didn’t know where it was, why didn’t they just call it a mythical place like the others, or just place it in Africa? As I read through the text of the Tucson Lead Crosses, the histories of the Toltec, Aztec, Britain, Wales not to mention FRENCH History, and search through the many old maps in my collection the idea just keeps coming up that there was no “Septimania in Southern France or at least not to the tune in which history has written. The only old world maps that have surfaced showing Septimania, are as a result of modern time views based on misunderstood written history and have their origins in the early 1900’s. I did find one map of the 16th Century that does give some credibility to the existence of Septimania as being a land in France at some time, no wait... I didn't. I believe that secrecy regarding the wealth found in the west or the Americas was for keeping it from other nations, and what is this strange belief that that has developed of a few hundred years that no one since the days of Noah who built a large boat, could have possibly sailed to this continent until Columbus came?
it is wisdom that this land should be kept as yet from the knowledge
of other nations; for behold, many nations would overrun the land, that
there would be no place for an inheritance. (2nd
Book of Nephi Vrs 8 About 570 BC)
Strangely enough in searching the etymology of the reference "Septimania" it was beginning to seem as though it was indeed created to take from its true origins to verify this you would think someone in history had talked about Septimania especially Histories of Britain, France and Spain? I knew there was a good reason to collect thousands of books of original source material... and in searching these digital OCR files, no one seams to mention anything about this place supposedly existing in southern France except one particular book author of 1835 whom ironically is an author many of the Scoular's after his death, in the late 1800's and even today try to discredit while at the same time use him as the excuse as to where Joseph, the founder of the Mormon religion got much of his information from in creating said religion. In two of Josiah Priest's books he quotes the same information said to be found in the books of Diodorus Siculus which I have not yet found the reference. A Greek historian highly revered who was born in 90 BC and died in 30 BC. Do you think this guy would have had access to Takshashila "one of the first great Universities in recorded history?" What other information might he have had access to? In one of his 40 books of which 27 have mysteriously disappeared Imagine that... the quote is as follows...
Septimania in America? You mean Josiah Priest had never heard of Septimania in southern France in 1835? Imagine that... I wonder what gave Josiah that silly notion... Probably didn't have anything to do with all the early maps indicating as such, and the lack of information in 1835 of this so called Septimania in southern France... not yet created... You see, in order to near sufficiently hide knowledge of a large significant area in History, (Western America) you have to created a significant fictitious area in order to take its place.
What evidence do we have that the Americ[as], a word most likely derived from Makir/Americ or Meurig (in Welsh Genealogies), IS the Western Roman Empire which fell c. 476 and rose again in 775 AD perfectly corresponding with events according to the text of the Tucson Lead Crosses, here on this continent, and the place where this seeming fictitious land of Septimania was? I suggest to the serious student, a reading and study of the text of the Tucson Lead Cross artifacts, and a new reading with open eyes and understanding of the Welsh history and the history of the people of Briton. Combined with these evidences we must also look at the maps of the new world as they seem to have incriminating labels which it would appear has gone unexplained, such as the following maps. So who did discover America?
The answers to all these questions one has to take into consideration the many inconsistencies, legends of the Indigenous, seeming parallel corresponding histories, unusual archaeological discoveries that just don’t fit,
yet support the idea of other cultures having long been visiting the Americas, but always rendered as a hoax, notations on the maps that don’t make sense and from documents of the past, biblical records, and other scriptural records from other religious groups not considered, historic accounts of places mentioned and described by the Mongolian people, people of India, the Mayan, Toltec, Aztec, Chinese, Greeks, Romans and Hebrews and most important past polar locations due to poles shifts, its effects, the inconsistencies of Radio Carbon Dating, etc etc etc.... All of these things must be taken into consideration if you want to know the truth of who discovered America and find the true history of this continent. It was well known by the various Royal families of Europe, Roman Empire, the Welsh, Scots, Italians, French, Spanish, Portuguese, India, Hebrew and Chinese as to the existence of this land, and they knew it was a promised land, a choice land, but not all knew why, but the majority did not know of the conditional blessing pronounced upon this land by the one true God, and more importantly, the corresponding curse. The answer to this question as to who discovered America, as we know it today is, a people who has developed into what we now know as Altai Mongolians and whose shared DNA flows abundantly in the Native American people especially in the west from North to South. Their first leader was known by name from two sources, the Mongolian legends, Moron, and from the pages of the Book of Either, and his name was Moron or Mahonri. His name by ancient tradition remains upon the first places where these people first migrated after leaving the great tower which you will find in the tops of the Altai Mountains, the village of Moron. This name is also found at the Moron-guiin Khuree monastery on the banks of the river Delger-moron. Also another village many miles to the east called Mörön, in Khentii. They are the very people who the Mongolian and every Asian culture derive from, (the children of Japheth) and they came here in boats in about 2400 BC, not by a mythical Land Bridge. By their own traditions, this occurred after a catastrophic flood and the fall of a great tower where in their God confused their tongue. And even they were not the first to set foot on this land, yet were the first after this great flood.
These people knew the blessing and the curse pronounced upon this land and even though they knew it first hand, even they eventually forgot and brought the curse upon themselves, they were destroyed “as a people” but their DNA is profound and abundant in the west from the very tips of the North of this continent and to the Southern tips in South America.
“…whoso should possess this land of promise, from that time henceforth and forever, should serve him, the true and only God, or they should be swept off when the fullness of his wrath should come upon them.”
Each and every culture that has NOT kept this condition and served the one true God upon this land has been destroyed as a people… only a mixture of them remains, preserved in the DNA of the American (considered) Native People.
This write up I admit is all over the place, but this is how it is, there is so much to tell and this is such a small part. The subjects that intertwine are broad yet definitive, all having to do with each other. And then I open a can of worms with this….
Why is it a Promised Land? What PLACE were they looking for? And what specifically were they looking for? A good read to learn the importance of these questions and of the contents supposedly destroyed, of the Library of Constantinople, (Even from Wiki), would be of great benefit. Understanding its purpose, its contents and how and when it was destroyed lends understanding as well, who was actually responsible for its destruction, The Muslims of the Ottoman Empire or those who knew the importance of keeping its contents from them? Is this concern just as valid today? What survived intentionally and where is it now? Understanding and truth only comes when all things are considered, no matter how controversial.
For further reading to find answers, Read:
1st Kings Chapter 9:26 to 10:13 and then with Hyram in mind, King of Tyre, a friend to Solomon read at least, and consider the text of Ezekiel 28:12-14, and maybe even a bit more…
of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus
saith the Lord God; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect
hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the
sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the
sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy
tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon
the holy mountain
of God; thou hast walked
up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
They say we cannot know nor do we know where this Land of Ophir was, and many of the scholars of the past have made up their minds based on their unwillingness to consider and place it in Africa of all places, the default location of everything not understood or ignored… However there are some who can know, but only because they do consider… This is how it all began among the Royal descendants of King David, the knowledge and the answers to these questions which have been sought after stemming from the events of King Solomon and his friend Hiram, a Phoenician King of Tyre and other sources they never knew.
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