And the Geological and Archeological Evidences
The Big Horn Medicine Wheel
High in the mountains of Northern Wyoming situated at
one of the highest points of the mountain is an odd arrangement of stone of
which one can’t help but think of Stonehenge
while looking at it despite having no real similarities in appearance.
I had debated on whether or not to write about this
curious feature at first, but it showed strong promise as having BC origins,
and this intrigued me, I had no idea as to how much promise it held.
First let me say that I do not believe that it is a Medicine
Wheel as perceived in the usual modern day traditional ideas and uses
of the many that have hypothesized and supposedly used it for their own
purposes, even over the last few hundred years. It is said to have been constructed
by plains Indians around 300-800 years ago. Why such a broad spectrum?
Who was there to see them build it? Was it documented by some unknown source in
some unknown place? How many have laid claim to its construction? None have
claimed it as of yet, if they had built it, how many could explain why it was
built and what its purpose was? Have they lost this knowledge? If so, how would
they know that it was their ancestors who built it? The Crow who arrived in the
area about 1400 AD said it was there when they got there.
The Big Horn Wheel was first brought to my attention
by a friend who sent it to me for BC origin analysis as he new the subject of
my research. Upon first looking at Jack Eddy’s diagram I could see it most
likely had BC origins.
The article that I read had some comments that just
needed questioning, and the reader needs to know the facts pertaining to this
from another perspective. For the reader’s convenience, I will include a small
portion of the article.
In 1974, an
archaeoastronomer named Jack Eddy visited this Medicine Wheel and studied its
alignments, that is, its arrangements of rocks, cairns, and spokes. He found the arrangements
point to the rising and setting places of the Sun at summer solstice, as well
as the rising places of Aldebaran in
Taurus, Rigel in Orion, and Sirius in Canis Major -- all bright, important
stars associated with the Solstice. Later another astronomer, Jack Robinson,
found a cairn pair that marked the bright star Fomalhaut's rising point with
the Sun 28 days before solstice.
Sighting from cairn E through the center hub (which
may have supported a pole) marks the summer solstice sunrise. Sighting from C through the center marked
the equivalent solstice sunset.
cairn F, one could sight the once-yearly dawn, or heliacal, risings of the
key stars Aldebaran, Rigel, and Sirius, which
play symbolic roles in an ancient Cheyenne
Massaum ceremony and are also important stars in the sacred Lakota circle
constellation "The Animal".
dawn or heliacal rising of a star is important because it pinpoints a date
exactly. This is the
day a star is first seen, just before dawn, after it has been behind the Sun for an entire season. From about 1200 AD to 1700 AD, these 4
stars would have acted as solstice markers for the Native Americans -
Fomalhaut (F to D) would rise 28 days before the Summer Solstice, Aldebaran (F
to A) would rise during the 2 days just before the solstice, Rigel (F to B)
would rise 28 days after the solstice, and Sirius (F to C) 28 days after that,
at the end of August
Now although there are many other things I could point
out in this article, I will only address the bold text points with a little
deviation. I don’t know who wrote this article but it is typical of the things
that seem to be among the accepted explanations.
We read about the alignments of Aldebaran in Taurus, Rigel in
Orion, and Sirius, and my first question is, who cares? For us to
believe that these alignments were somehow significant to pinpointing some date
with constellations is ridiculous. What? You can’t do that with the alignment
of the sun? Does the Sun rise in a new location every day? Would this be like
trying to find the forest but can’t see it for all the trees? Why would the
ancients ignore the sun’s rising positions and choose a FIRST APPEARANCE of a
star instead. You don’t need some big wheel made out of stone to SEE
APEARENCE. Isn’t a FIRST APPEARENCE sufficient to pin
point that day in which it FIRST APEARED? And do we need to
hike to the altitude of 9600 feet to SEE its FIRST APPEARENCE? Is any
one catching what I’m saying? Are we insinuating that the ancients were idiots?
Isn’t it obvious as to who the idiots are? Let me say at this time, I do not
believe that the Indians as we know them today are the ones who have
constructed this wheel, and that this comment is not for the purpose of
diminishing this noble people. With the exception of a few tribes such as the
Lenape and Ojibwa, the various tribes had no writing system and chose to resort
tradition. Since none of them claim to have made the marks upon the
rocks or to have been responsible for the Earthworks of the Mississippi Valley
or Utah Earthworks, why would they then build this wheel? You will notice I
refer to the builders as the ancients and not the Indians.
In this same article it is said that these stars which
play symbolic roles in an ancient Cheyenne
Massaum ceremony and are also important stars in the sacred Lakota
circle constellation The Animal. Yet in the links provided in the
article (if one should visit them)
you would find nothing pertaining to these stars which are the focal points to
In the article, it is written: From about 1200 AD to 1700 AD,
these 4 stars would have acted as solstice markers for the Native Americans. Why?
Was the Sun missing in those days? But the one statement that got me more than
anything else was the concluding statement, and hence marking the end of
summer and time to leave the mountain. This is the most asinine statement
yet. I don’t suppose the increasing cold weather and the turning of the leaves
or even the early snow might have been a clue as to when to leave the mountain?
What? They sat up there day after day waiting for this prophetic sign? Who was
tending the sheep down below?
A friend has mentioned that this could simply be a
game of duck duck goose, and is it any less ridiculous than the theory
for the alignments with stars?
What is it?
In order for anything pertaining to this geo-glyph
and/or observatory to make sense, we need to understand some things pertaining
to the ancients of which the Indians are in part the descendants of. What was
it that they worshipped, Stars? Many of the tribes in the origin and creation
legends make note of a supreme being and many of those acknowledge the Son of
God (including the Aztecs). Many of the tribes, though they communicated in
many ways, made it clear that they worshipped the Sun, or more definitively,
that which was behind it. Being clarified, they meant the power behind it. The only
logical explanation in which this circle of stones was built in such a high
place is not for a game of alpine duck duck goose but because of the
vantage point of being able to see the largest spectrum of the horizon.
In the Native American Petroglyphs, the symbol for sky
or the horizon around it is the circle with a base meaning of Holding,
in other words it is my belief that the circle itself represents the
horizon as viewed from this ideal location. (See the Article; Aztec
Navigation Glyphs) Each of the cairns
is positioned to represent a specific location upon the horizon, its equivalent
in the symbol based petroglyphs being that of a dot or something similar.
Although some of the cairns
appear to be built in the shape of a U, I would think that they were
intended to be a circle which here again is implied by the symbol Holding.
Regardless, I would have no doubt that they are positioned for viewing
some point such as a sunset or sunrise to mark a point in time or possibly a
place in the distance such as a city..
The purpose of marking some point in time would be
best understood by us in our celebration of the Birth of Christ on the specific
day of December 25th (which of course is not the correct day). We
also have specific means by recording and observing the shortest day, the longest
day and the two times each year which mark a time when the day is equal in time
with the night or the mid point between summer and winter. We don’t need stars
for this but there are many reasons why anyone (including the ancients) wanted
to know these times specifically.
Also, take into consideration that regardless of the
mountains around a valley, the same thing could have been accomplished in a
valley, why did they choose to construct this wheel at the highest point? Many
times throughout scriptural history we read of Prophets going to the tops of
mountains to speak with God. Even today, many feel more connected when praying
in the mountains. The point is that it would seem quite clear: the reasons for
its construction are religious in nature as I can find no other reasonable
explanation which warrants its construction at one of highest points around.
There are two things that need to be determined. (1)
When was this built? I don’t think it is possible to find out exactly when it
was built but perhaps it is possible to discover if it had Origins in BC times.
(2) We have the need to discover if it truly has any Solstice/Equinox
alignments or related perspectives as well as comparing AD times with BC Times.
In looking at Eddy’s drawing of the wheel above, we
see the alignments that he noticed. It would seem that he noticed two solar
alignments, of which, both appear to be noteworthy.
It has been said that Eddy’s alignments would have
been more accurate for 1200 to 1700 AD. I would love to hear what this excuse
for non accuracy is based upon; let’s see how accurate it is in the above image
(Fig. 4). The red lines are based upon full sun above the horizon at 5.3
degrees elevation which is the first point of Full Sun. At Eddy’s
sunrise position, I must admit that the sun peeks over and casts its first
light at his projected point with half sun exposed in between his projection
and the red line. This is with a visual horizon at 100 feet higher at 4.3 miles
away. What this means is that Eddy’s proposal of alignment is acceptable for
the Summer Solstice sunrise. The red line at the sunset
position is basically the same in reverse; for sunset at the red line we
have full sun at 5.3 degrees elevation with a visible horizon at 1600 feet
lower at over 30 miles away. If this is the case and not much adjustment is
needed, this would place his sunset position nearly correct at full sun. I
find, at two other points, satisfactory alignments with Winter Sunrise and
Sunset, but not as acceptable as the summer positions, however, who is going to
be up there in 4 to 6 feet of snow to see it? I cannot find any other solar
alignment within this stone circle based on today’s North.
What if this were constructed in BC times? What solar
alignments would we find?
According to my compiled research, I have established
a BC North Pole and with this pole in mind let’s see what we can come up with.
In the following image, Fig. 5 using Eddy’s cairn
letters, you can see a red line extending from Eddy’s C
Cairn to F which would represent BC north (F) and south
(C), Notice the line does not intersect with the center. I would almost think
this was intentional as if to say, it was not meant to align with the horizon.
In similar stone geo-glyphs with solar alignments, I have noticed that there is
a North reference. I would suspect that if the outer circle correlates with the
meaning of horizon then is it possible that the center cairn represents the Sun
being held and that the outer dots are showing different locations on
The Yellow line extending from D through
the middle points to the BC Summer Solstice Sunrise. This position is
calculated at 47 degrees azimuth and 4 degrees elevation of the sun (5.3
degrees being FULL Sunrise
with a 0 degree horizon). The actual visible horizon is located some 15 miles
away and is 1600 feet lower than the wheel, which means at 4 degrees you would
have full sunrise. At cairn D, we have a perfect alignment.
At the sun’s position with the line at cairn B
extending through the center based on 324 degrees azimuth at a 0 degree
elevation, if the visible horizon were not 70 miles away and 1000 feet lower we
would have a ½ sunrise, but it is 1000 feet lower and 70 miles away, so this
means that at approximately 324 degrees azimuth we have full
sun, another perfect alignment. Keep in mind that at 60 degrees Latitude, the
sun moves laterally more than it does vertically. 60 degrees was the latitude
in BC times, today it is located at a Latitude of 44.83 N.
What about an equinox sunset or sunrise for that
matter? In Fig. 6, from the position of cairn A, a line extending though the
center in BC times would be about 260 degrees. The visible horizon is some 150
miles away and 3000 feet higher. Not taking this into consideration and based
on an equal elevation; full sun (at a 5.3 degree elevation) would be at 162
degrees. However, considering the horizon is 3000 feet higher and 150 miles
away, if an additional 1 degree was added in elevation (which seems
reasonable), full sun prior to sunset based on this information would be at 260
degrees azimuth, which is a perfect alignment for the equinox sunset. However,
this is one that I would have to see for myself.
The equinox sunrise, in order to fit into the same
alignment opposite of the line in the previous picture would require 79
degrees, but the sun at this point would have just have peeked over the visible
horizon which is a little over 7 miles away and 300 feet lower. Although this
could prove to be an accurate alignment, I’m just not satisfied with it.
At full sun, the alignment would look something like
I would think that the equinox sunrise would be
considered an important alignment and one that the ancients would be most
concerned with, however I must say that although it is good enough, I was
slightly disappointed. I guess I’ll just have to go see for myself that is
unless there is another possibility. How about this…? SEE Fig. 8
The only thing that puzzles me about this is, why not
set up a cairn in such a way that if a line were drawn on it, it would pass
through the center? I don’t know why this is important to me, it just is.
Perhaps I am being too meticulous. Now the fall and the spring equinox sunrises
occur at 98 degrees azimuth, both alignments in
the above picture are at 98 degrees. Is this just a coincidence?
If so, it’s a pretty good one.
Now although I really don’t think anyone would be
there to witness it, and can’t think for the life of me why anyone would
indicate a winter solstice sunrise at such an elevation, it would appear that
it is present, See Fig 9. Considering that the visible horizon is about 300
feet lower and a quarter mile short of 7 miles away at 141 degrees, if a line
were drawn from the center cairn through cairn B (Opposite Summer Sunset); this
would mark the exact placement of 141 degrees azimuth at near full sun.
Strangely enough, if we allowed the sun to continue to
a full sunrise, we would be at approximately 159 degrees. Keep in mind that the
sun at this point during the winter is traversing the sky in more of a
horizontal path than a vertical one. If a line were drawn from Eddy’s cairn D
to cairn E and beyond this also would point directly at full winter solstice
With the winter solstice sunset, we have remarkably
the opposite. A line drawn from the center through D which is at 224 degrees
azimuth is exactly the opposite of the summer solstice sunrise with the visible
horizon only a mile away at the same elevation. At 224 degrees the sun has gone
down with only about 1/4 of it exposed. If we come back to full sun prior to
solstice sunset, the sun is at 195 degrees azimuth. With careful positioning of
our lines, we can get two alignments that meet at a measurement of 195 degrees.
What I mean by careful is for you to notice where the line leaves cairn F and
passes through D and where it leaves cairn A and passes through B, it is not
perfect. Maybe I’m just being too meticulous again.
What about other alignments? In looking at cairn E
naturally I wanted to see if this aligns with something significant. Why is it removed from the outer circle as if
to imply that it has some other meaning?
In Fig. 12, If a line were drawn from the center of
the medicine wheel to cairn E it marks a place on the horizon some 77 miles
away and 100 feet higher than that of the wheel. The dates we have a sunset
with full sun at this location in BC times would have been the Evening
11th and the evening of July 30th which is at 297
degrees azimuth. What is interesting about this is that from the sunset
of the 11th of May to the Summer Solstice sunset is 40
days, the 11th of May and the 21st of June (not
inclusive). The return trip of the sun from the 21st to the 30th
of July (inclusive) is also 40 days. This same thing appears in
other suspect Adena mound sites, why would these suspect Hebrews be observing a
40 day period let alone two consecutive? Why this 40 day observation period?
It would appear to be an 80 day
period of two 40 day observation periods. What could have been the purpose of
this 80 day observation? In the scriptures we observe the 40 day fast of Moses
to receive the higher law then after receiving it, Moses returned to the
Israelites whereby he had seen their iniquities and broke the tablets. Then he
returned to the mount and fasted another 40 days to receive the lesser law.
Interestingly enough, the Aztecs had a similar fasting ritual. The point is
that according to today’s North, it would not have any meaning whatsoever and
the scientists would be just as confused as they seem to be concerning the Murray
What about the sunrise direction? Is it also
present there? Well guess what. Yes, it is and without a stretch of the
imagination or the facts, a line drawn from cairn D through the center is Summer
Solstice Sunrise. In Fig. 13 a line drawn from cairn D through
cairn A will give us a 62 degree azimuth for the Mornings of May
11th and July 30th. It is a repeat
of the previous two forty day periods except that it is for sunrise instead of
But wait a minute, haven’t we heard this before? It
would seem that the same dates are two consecutive 40 day periods, which
are also present at the Milford Earthworks.
The Plains Indians didn’t build the Milford
Earthworks. Some people called the Allegwi did. You know, those people who were
run off and went south and became the Aztecs?
Yes, the Aztecs who in part came from the North who
also have two consecutive 40 day periods of Fasting, like Moses when
he received the first tablets for the Israelites and after breaking them had to
return to the mountain and fast another 40 days? Where did the Allegwi learn
this? Oh well, no matter. I’m sure it is all a coincidence.
All of the above information is exact and true to the
best of my knowledge without any stretching of the truth or the imagination.
Visual horizons were considered in each case and determined accordingly. Anyone
who would like to see the full details of how I arrived at each location is
more than welcome and I will be happy to explain it further. But the best way
to verify all of this is to go to the site and set up wooden stakes at the
adjusted locations according to BC North, we could implement a pole change back
to where it was, but history shows this can be catastrophic and besides, it
won’t be long before it will be happening again. I hope you are all prepared.
Many will not understand what is said in the following
but it will reach those for whom it is intended, even so, I will do the best I
can to make it clear. There is much speculation as to what a medicine wheel is
and what it was used for. Aside from you creating a medicine wheel for your
purposes, I have yet to see anyone identify what they were used for, the idea
or concept in some cases is similar, but not even the Indians who use them
today seem to understand what they were. This is because the knowledge of the
symbol based glyph system is nearly extinct.
These circles of stones were created by the same
people who pecked the glyphs on the rocks found everywhere in North
America, or their descendants who retained the knowledge of the
hieroglyphs. Of the many types of Medicine Wheels as we have come to know them,
each reveals its intended purpose by the way it is laid out and where it is
located. This method of laying out the stones on the ground is based upon the
exact same principles as the Native American petroglyphs themselves. For
example, the following Medicine Wheel, Fig. 14, was used for communicating with
their God and including their ancestors.
If you view this as a glyph and recognize the various
symbols that make it up along with the positioning of the symbols, it will
identify its purpose. The symbols that you see within this wheel use the base
meaning of Holding, Place of Dead, and Holding in one place. The individual
would sit in the center with the idea of being surrounded by his ancestors who
have passed on, by the ancestors surrounding them no evil could come to them
and their purpose for coming to the medicine wheel is thereby uninhibited by
In Fig. 15 the medicine wheel was used specifically
for communicating with the creator, God above, the Son of God, or the Sun of
am the light and the life of the world.
This is said 11 times in our scriptures and yet we
suppose that the Ancients didn’t understand this? Most of us don’t understand
it, but the Ancients did. It will ALWAYS be located where it catches First
Sunlight. If it isn’t, then it was built by someone other than the
Ancients; such as the new-agers, or a later people who have forgotten its
purpose or never knew it.
Simple, direct and to the point.
There are many other uses of medicine wheels and each
identifies its purpose by its construction. With the knowledge of the symbol
based glyph system of hieroglyphs, we can identify its purpose. Fig. 16 is just
another of the many that exist.
The Big Horn Medicine Wheel had a similar purpose to
that of Fig. 15 and 16; however, it has many interesting things integrated into
it. In addition to the alignments which seem to correspond with different
aspects of the Sun, hidden within the wheel is still more that clarifies its
purpose. If one is to connect the dots so to speak it reveals the following in
With a little understanding of the glyphs, the circle
itself (as pointed out earlier) represents the Horizon as being the border of
the sky. The center Cairn represents the Sun, Son, or creator who oversees all
that is under the sky and in the sky. Each Cairn positioned at the many places
around the circle represents a specific location on the horizon or a point in
time which was significant and important to the Ancients as it relates to that
which they believed.
When we join the perimeter Cairns it reveals a well know symbol which is
quite fitting in what it represents. I’m not talking about the meaning
attributed in general to the Star of David, but rather speaking of Him who is
of the lineage of David who is the bright and morning star, a
concept which is very applicable.
Turning to the pages of…
Temples Of the Most High (Significance of Ancient,
Geometric Symbols) pg.240,241
“You will notice that there are two
triangles, one with the point downward, and the other with the point upward.
These are combined in the symbol of the interlaced triangles, or the six
pointed star. The triangles when used separately gives each triangle a distinct
and separate meaning. The one with the point upward, is called the symbol of
manifestation on the, material plane, and symbolizes mankind focusing their
thoughts on God; the triangle with the point downward represents
manifestation on the spiritual, or Divine plane, and symbolizes God’s
consciousness focalized on mankind. In this six pointed star formed by the
interlaced triangle we symbolize the blending, or uniting, of the physical
and the spiritual.
“We will now draw these symbols
that you may better understand them:
The square represents building uprightly on a strong
secure foundation. The circle, which is endless, is the universal symbol of
eternal life. The square and the interlaced triangles are the only two
equiangular and equilateral figure, the sum of whose exterior angles equals 360
degrees, or perfection, as symbolized by the circle. From these symbols, we
learn that by building uprightly on a strong secure foundation, we unite the
physical and the spiritual, and with them inseparably connected, as symbolized
by the interlaced triangles, we have eternal life.”
What better symbol to manifest itself over all of the
medicine wheel than with the very thing that it represents positioned in the
center and with its purpose and concept clarified in the symbol itself? This is
a place where the Ancients went to communicate with their God and to observe
certain points in time having to do with him or some observed event of the
past. Some are known to us along with their significance, and some, I am quite
certain, that we have forgotten. They didn’t NEED the medicine wheel
to tell them these points in time; they used it for the purpose of the
observation of principles that were important to them so that they were
observed at the right point in time.
Were they any different than us? Do we not now begin
to observe the day of Christmas the very day after Thanksgiving? 25 days before
the intended day! How ridiculous? Do we not go through many rituals leading up
to this day? Do we make several trips to the merchants for the purposes of
hanging strange illuminated objects from our houses and for placing them in our
yards? Do we make visits to the Mall to put our children in Satan’s
Claws, or attend Christmas parties (ceremonies) worshiping some short fat man
in a red suit and a mythical deer that flies? Do we not make sure that every
little detail is perfect in respect to this according to our own individual
beliefs? Rest assured IT IS going to happen the morning of the 25th!
These people MUST be Pagans!
We can’t seem to understand that the Ancients were not
so different as you or me. From what I can see of them, it would seem that they
at least understood whose birthday it was, and what day it really was and who
they worshiped. I hope that this article will help you to understand that
things are not always as they seem, in fact they never are. What are all the
lines that radiate from the center Cairn? They are not uniform, were they put
there to make it look more appealing? Is it possible that they are a
representation of some points in time? Why are there 28 of them, why not 30?
Why is one Cairn set apart away from the main circle seemingly unattached? Why
are there 6 of them? Is there more to this wheel than we know? I am certain
that there is much more to this wheel and I am sure much more concerning it
will come out. For now this is all that I choose to say about it.
In conclusion, The Ancients built this medicine wheel,
if that’s what you choose to call it, for the purpose of Worshiping One God,
and they knew who He was. They knew the specific points in time for worship
according to the event to be observed, which is much more than I can say for
this people today.
If science would at least consider a creator,
intelligent design, and theories they so quickly dusted under the rug for fear
of peer pressure they just might come to
understand many things…
Things such as the mystery of the sunken cities of the
Mediterranean, where did the ocean disappear to that once covered Northern Africa? Where did the ocean that the Chinese say
swept west to east across their coun
try in a great flood come from? Are the Africans
entitled to get it back? Where di the waters thet divided the land here in North America? Why are many of the old Spanish maps
showing California as an Island?
Where did the waters of the Black sea and the Caspian sea really come from? And
how did they end up so far inland? What really happened as a result of a sudden
pole shift that cause absolutely no growth of vegetation in the Atacama desert
of Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chili? What really
happened? What was it so massive that slammed into the coast causing so much
destruction stripping the entire area of any possible vegetation growth just
like the tops of the Uinta Mountains? Why is
it the oldest forests on the planet are where they are? Why not Seattle? Michigan, England,
France or Eastern
China ect? Why Africa, Brazil
Why do we not have a north pole? Instead we have a North ring ranging roughly
1700 miles in diameter in the pole areas?! They just might learn that there was
NEVER an Ice Age let alone two, yet they may find a cataclysmic event that
occurred in the days of Peleg when “the Earth Divided” (which doesn’t mean what
you think)… and caused an instant freez in the North and South in about 2700
BC! they may even learn that South
America has always been where it is, Africa has always been where Africa is and every other continent, there are no such
thing as tectonic plates and the super continent Pangea is a physiological
impossibility and is a big pile of bull shit!